21st Century Surveillance

Turku Castle, at the mouth of the Aura River in Turku, Finland, has endured many calamities since it was built in the late 13th century. It was consumed by fire multiple times, was under siege on at least five occasions and bombed by the Russians in June 1941 during World War II. Restored as one of Finland’s most popular museums between 1945 and 1961, it endured a final indignity when vandals used a sharp instrument to puncture seven paintings on display in the castle’s exhibition rooms. “It was this vicious attack in 2008 that convinced us to install our first full-scale video surveillance system,” said Mats Sjöström, head of conservation for the City of Turku’s five museums.